I´m interested solely in seeing that that poor...colored boy over there and his co-defendants in the other cases get a square shake of the dice, because I believe, before God, they are the victims of a dastardly frame up. (Samuel Leibowitz, defense attorney) It goes without saying that Jim Crow was pervasive in the wake of the Civil War, but few events in history put the effects of institutionalized segregation and racism on display like the case of the Scottsboro Boys, a group of black teenagers accused of raping two young white girls on a train. When the girls made the accusation, the teens were nearly lynched by an angry mob, only to be dragged almost immediately into court and given a sham trial that inevitably ended in a conviction by an all-white jury and death sentences for eight of the nine boys. In the wake of the quick trial, the case was appealed by outsiders on behalf of the boys, and though Alabama´s Supreme Court affirmed almost all the convictions, the attention raised nearly every potential issue implicating criminal procedure among the states. While the Bill of Rights had ensured a number of rights for criminal defendants, the states had previously been allowed to interpret those rights, leading to instances where defendants weren´t provided adequate legal representation. The case of the Scottsboro Boys compelled the US Supreme Court to order new trials in Powell v. Arizona (1932), which went a long way to determining and codifying some of the rights of criminal defendants in state courts. However, even after one of the girls recanted her testimony during retrials, the Scottsboro Boys were still found guilty, leading to more appeals and yet another Supreme Court ruling ordering retrials. Eventually, some of the boys were cleared of charges, but several still ended up serving time in prison, and it would not be until 80 years after the controversial case that Alabama posthumously pardoned the defendants who hadn´t been 1. Language: English. Narrator: Doron Alon. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/083213/bk_acx0_083213_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
A New History of Painting in Italy:From the II to the XVI Century (Classic Reprint) Crowe Crowe
C. Vann Woodward, who died in 1999 at the age of 91, was America´s most eminent Southern historian, the winner of a Pulitzer Prize for Mary Chestnut´s Civil War and a Bancroft Prize for The Origins of the New South. Now, to honor his long and truly distinguished career, Oxford is pleased to publish this special commemorative edition of Woodward´s most influential work, The Strange Career of Jim Crow. The Strange Career of Jim Crow is one of the great works of Southern history. Indeed, the book actually helped shape that history. Published in 1955, a year after the Supreme Court in Brown v. Board of Education ordered schools desegregated, Strange Career was cited so often to counter arguments for segregation that Martin Luther King, Jr. called it ´´the historical Bible of the civil rights movement.´´ The book offers a clear and illuminating analysis of the history of Jim Crow laws, presenting evidence that segregation in the South dated only to the 1890s. Woodward convincingly shows that, even under slavery, the two races had not been divided as they were under the Jim Crow laws of the 1890s. In fact, during Reconstruction, there was considerable economic and political mixing of the races. The segregating of the races was a relative newcomer to the region. Hailed as one of the top 100 nonfiction works of the twentieth century, The Strange Career of Jim Crow has sold almost a million copies and remains, in the words of David Herbert Donald, ´´a landmark in the history of American race relations.´´ 1. Language: English. Narrator: Sean Crisden. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/adbl/015534/bk_adbl_015534_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
The history of France:Vol. III Eyre Evans Crowe
Between History and Fiction:The Early Modern Spanish Siege Play Tracy Crowe Morey
The true story (on which the film Jeremiah Johnson was partially based) of John Johnson, who in 1847 found his wife and her unborn child had been killed by Crow braves. Out of this tragedy came one of the most gripping feuds - one man against a whole tribe - in American history. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Don Coltrane. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/015916/bk_acx0_015916_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
A profound new rendering of the struggle by African Americans for equality after the Civil War and the violent counterrevolution that resubjugated them, as seen through the prism of the war of images and ideas that have left an enduring racist stain on the American mind.The abolition of slavery in the aftermath of the Civil War is a familiar story, as is the civil rights revolution that transformed the nation after World War II. But the century in between remains a mystery: If emancipation sparked ´´a new birth of freedom´´ in Lincoln´s America, why was it necessary to march in Martin Luther King, Jr.´s America? In this new audiobook, Henry Louis Gates, Jr., one of our leading chroniclers of the African American experience, seeks to answer that question in a history that moves from the Reconstruction Era to the ´´nadir´´ of the African American experience under Jim Crow, through to World War I and the Harlem Renaissance. Through his close reading of the visual culture of this tragic era, Gates reveals the many faces of Jim Crow and how, together, they reinforced a stark color line between white and black Americans. Bringing a lifetime of wisdom to bear as a scholar, filmmaker, and public intellectual, Gates uncovers the roots of structural racism in our own time, while showing how African Americans after slavery combated it by articulating a vision of a ´´New Negro´´ to force the nation to recognize their humanity and unique contributions to America as it hurtled toward the modern age.The story Gates tells begins with great hope, with the Emancipation Proclamation, Union victory, and the liberation of nearly four million enslaved African Americans. Until 1877, the federal government, goaded by the activism of Frederick Douglass and many others, tried at various turns to sustain their new rights. But the terror unleashed by white paramilitary groups in the former Confederacy, combined with deteriorating economic conditions and a loss 1. Language: English. Narrator: Dominic Hoffman. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/peng/004410/bk_peng_004410_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
In 1948 most white people in the North had no idea how unjust and unequal daily life was for the 10 million African Americans living in the South. But that suddenly changed after Ray Sprigle, a famous white journalist from Pittsburgh, went undercover and lived as a black man in the Jim Crow South. Escorted through the South´s parallel black society by John Wesley Dobbs, a historic black civil rights pioneer from Atlanta, Sprigle met with sharecroppers, local black leaders, and families of lynching victims. He visited ramshackle black schools and slept at the homes of prosperous black farmers and doctors. The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette reporter´s series was syndicated coast to coast in white newspapers and carried into the South only by the Pittsburgh Courier, the country´s leading black paper. His vivid descriptions and undisguised outrage at ´´the iniquitous Jim Crow system´´ shocked the North, enraged the South, and ignited the first national debate in the media about ending America´s system of apartheid. Six years before Brown v. Board of Education, seven before the murder of Emmett Till, and 13 years before John Howard Griffin´s similar experiment became the best seller Black Like Me, Sprigle´s intrepid journalism blasted into the American consciousness the grim reality of black lives in the South. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Grover Gardner. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/blak/010104/bk_blak_010104_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
A gripping saga of race and retribution in the Deep South and a story whose haunting details echo the themes of To Kill a Mockingbird. In 1945, Willie McGee, a young African-American man from Laurel, Mississippi, was sentenced to death for allegedly raping Willette Hawkins, a white housewife. At first, McGee´s case was barely noticed, covered only in hostile Mississippi newspapers and far-left publications such as the Daily Worker. Then Bella Abzug, a young New York labor lawyer, was hired by the Civil Rights Congress—an aggressive civil-rights organization with ties to the Communist Party of the United States—to oversee McGee´s defense. Together with William Patterson, the son of a slave and a devout believer in the need for revolutionary change, Abzug and a group of white Mississippi lawyers risked their lives to plead McGee´s case. After years of court battles, McGee´s supporters flooded President Harry S. Truman and the U.S. Supreme Court with clemency pleas, and famous Americans spoke out on McGee´s behalf. By the time the case ended in 1951 with McGee´s public execution in Mississippi´s infamous traveling electric chair, ´´Free Willie McGee´´ had become a rallying cry among civil-rights activists, progressives, leftists, and Communist Party members. Their movement had succeeded in convincing millions of people worldwide that McGee had been framed and that the real story involved a consensual love affair between him and Mrs. Hawkins—one that she had instigated and controlled. As Heard discovered, this controversial theory is a doorway to a tangle of secrets that spawned a legacy of confusion, misinformation, and pain that still resonates today. 1. Language: English. Narrator: J. D. Jackson. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/harp/002179/bk_harp_002179_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.